Insights from 1 Timothy – chapters 3 & 4

Chapter 3 of 1 Timothy deals with the qualifications for overseers or elders.

  • it’s a fine work
  • be above reproach
  • husband of 1 wife
  • temperate (not quick-tempered)
  • prudent
  • respectable
  • hospitable
  • able to teach
  • manages his household
  • keeping children under control – with dignity
  • not new convert
  • must have good reputation with those outside the church
  • not addicted to wine
  • not pugnacious
  • be gentle
  • uncontentious
  • free from love of money

Cross-referencing with the qualifications listed in Titus:

  • having children who believe
  • not accused of rebellion or dissipation
  • God’s steward
  • not self-willed
  • not fond of sordid gain
  • loving what is good
  • sensible
  • just
  • devout
  • self-controlled
  • holding fast the faithful word – in accordance with teaching
  • exhort in sound doctrine
  • refute those who contradict

Also qualifications listed for deacons

  • men of dignity
  • not double-tongued
  • not addicted to much wine
  • not fond of sordid gain
  • hold to mystery of faith with a clean conscience
  • first be tested
  • beyond reproach
  • women are to be dignified, not malicious gossips, temperate, faithful in all things
  • husband of 1 wife
  • good managers of children and own household

So a lot of similar qualities that are needed for those who are in leadership of the church, those entrusted with God’s sheep.

Chapter 4 of 1 Timothy:
-fall away – occupy selves
-pay attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons
-by the hypocrisy of liars with seared consciences; worldly fables
Everything created by God is good; nothing is rejected if it is received with gratitude: for it is set apart/sanctified by means of God’s Word and prayer.

Point these things out:

  • Have nothing to do with worldly fables
  • Train/Discipline yourself for godliness
  • Fix hope on the living God – the Savior of all, especially believers: Teach these things
  • Public reading of Scripture
  • Exhortation and teaching
  • Use spiritual gift
  • Be absorbed in these things – so that progress is evident

Pay attention to self and teaching – persevere

Instructions given to Timothy

  • Point out these things
  • Have nothing to do with worldly fables
  • Discipline yourself for the purpose of godliness
  • Prescribe and teach these things
  • Don’t let others look down on youth
  • Be an example: in speech, conduct, love, faith and purity
  • Give attention to public reading of Scripture, to exhortation and teaching
  • Don’t neglect spiritual gift
  • Take pains and be absorbed in these things
  • Pay close attention to yourself and your teaching
  • Persevere in these things
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