Insights from 1 Timothy – chapters 5 & 6

I enjoyed doing this study of 1 Timothy – here are my thoughts on chapters 5 & 6.

Chapter 5:
Older men as fathers
younger men as brothers
older women as mothers
younger women as sisters
in all purity
Family to care for widows
Church for those with no family
Those who persist in sin – rebuke (context is elders) – don’t play favorites
Qualifications for widows:

  • 60 years of age
  • wife of 1 husband
  • reputation of good works
  • brought up children
  • shown hospitality
  • washed feet of saints
  • cared for afflicted
  • devoted herself to every good work
Don’t enroll younger widows
  • desire to marry
  • passions drawn away from Christ
  • abandon former faith
  • learn to be idlers, gossips
Encourage them to marry, bear children, manage households, give adversary no reason to slander
Instructions for how to treat elders
-Worthy of double honor
-Don’t receive accusation except on basis of 2 or 3 witnesses
-If continue in sin – rebuke in presence of all – as example
-Don’t show partiality
-Don’t lay hands hastily
Chapter 6:
Honor masters – way to honor God
Godliness – doctrine/sound words
Teach and urge – respect and service
Anyone doesn’t agree with doctrine (sound words) of Christ and teaching that accords with godliness – these are proud, don’t know anything. Unhealthy desire for conflict (controversy) and quarreling.
   Produces:
  • envy
  • dissension
  • slander
  • evil suspicions
  • constant friction
among people who are depraved – in mind; deprived of the truth. they think godliness is a way to gain (means).
Godliness with contentment = great gain
Content with food and clothing ¬†– “can’t take it with you”
Those desiring riches – fall into temptation
Senseless – harmful desires
Plunge people into ruin and destruction
Love of money – root of other evils
this craving causes some to walk away
Man of God – instructions
-Flee love of riches
-Pursue

  • righteousness
  • godliness
  • faith
  • love
  • steadfastness
  • gentleness
Fight the good fight of faith
Called to eternal life – take hold of it
Keep the commandment – unstained & free of reproach
God alone has immortality – dwells in unapproachable light; no one has ever seen or can see
For the rich – don’t be haughty; don’t set hope on riches but on God
God richly provides with everything to enjoy
-Do good
-Be rich in good works
-Be generous and ready to share
This stores up treasure – foundation for future – in order to take hold of what is really life
Irreverent babble & contradictions – falsely called knowledge (avoid)
by professing above – some have swerved from faith
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Insights from 1 Timothy – chapters 3 & 4

Chapter 3 of 1 Timothy deals with the qualifications for overseers or elders.

  • it’s a fine work
  • be above reproach
  • husband of 1 wife
  • temperate (not quick-tempered)
  • prudent
  • respectable
  • hospitable
  • able to teach
  • manages his household
  • keeping children under control – with dignity
  • not new convert
  • must have good reputation with those outside the church
  • not addicted to wine
  • not pugnacious
  • be gentle
  • uncontentious
  • free from love of money

Cross-referencing with the qualifications listed in Titus:

  • having children who believe
  • not accused of rebellion or dissipation
  • God’s steward
  • not self-willed
  • not fond of sordid gain
  • loving what is good
  • sensible
  • just
  • devout
  • self-controlled
  • holding fast the faithful word – in accordance with teaching
  • exhort in sound doctrine
  • refute those who contradict

Also qualifications listed for deacons

  • men of dignity
  • not double-tongued
  • not addicted to much wine
  • not fond of sordid gain
  • hold to mystery of faith with a clean conscience
  • first be tested
  • beyond reproach
  • women are to be dignified, not malicious gossips, temperate, faithful in all things
  • husband of 1 wife
  • good managers of children and own household

So a lot of similar qualities that are needed for those who are in leadership of the church, those entrusted with God’s sheep.

Chapter 4 of 1 Timothy:
-fall away – occupy selves
-pay attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons
-by the hypocrisy of liars with seared consciences; worldly fables
Everything created by God is good; nothing is rejected if it is received with gratitude: for it is set apart/sanctified by means of God’s Word and prayer.

Point these things out:

  • Have nothing to do with worldly fables
  • Train/Discipline yourself for godliness
  • Fix hope on the living God – the Savior of all, especially believers: Teach these things
  • Public reading of Scripture
  • Exhortation and teaching
  • Use spiritual gift
  • Be absorbed in these things – so that progress is evident

Pay attention to self and teaching – persevere

Instructions given to Timothy

  • Point out these things
  • Have nothing to do with worldly fables
  • Discipline yourself for the purpose of godliness
  • Prescribe and teach these things
  • Don’t let others look down on youth
  • Be an example: in speech, conduct, love, faith and purity
  • Give attention to public reading of Scripture, to exhortation and teaching
  • Don’t neglect spiritual gift
  • Take pains and be absorbed in these things
  • Pay close attention to yourself and your teaching
  • Persevere in these things

More Insights from 1 Timothy – chapter 2

Chapter 2 in 1 Timothy can be a difficult passage as it deals with women and their role in church. In this study, the study guide cross-referenced this passage with 1 Peter 3:1-6.
Walking in Power, Love, and Discipline: 1 & 2 Timothy/Titus

Women are to adorn:

  • proper clothing
  • modestly, discreetly
  • good works
  • hidden person of heart
  • gentle & quiet spirit
  • submissive

They are not to adorn:

  • with braided hear
  • gold, pearls
  • costly garments
  • external

The heart attitude is emphasized rather than outward things. They are not allowed to teach or exercise authority over men in God’s household because of the order of creation and her deception at the Fall.
Another cross-reference is 1 Corinthians 14:26-40
For women to speak – it is to be done properly and in orderly manner; to speak in turn; let all be done for edification, must have interpretation, 2 or 3 at the most. Women are not to participate in the tongues and prophecy. Women are not to teach men in a church setting, they are to teach women.

This issue is a controversial one and there are various interpretations out there regarding this passage. I am not sure where I fall on this issue.

Insights from 1 Timothy

I have been going through the book of 1 Timothy using this Bible study as a guide
Walking in Power, Love, and Discipline: 1 and 2 Timothy/Titus

Here are some insights from this book of the Bible written to a young pastor in Ephesus in the early church.

Paul left Timothy in Ephesus when went to Macedonia. 1 Timothy was written so that Timothy would know how to behave in the household of God.

Sound vs. Unsound Doctrine
This is characterized throughout the book – what is sound, what is not. Sound doctrine is from the administration of God while unsound is strange myths, endless genealogies, mere speculation and fruitless discussion.

The goal is to have love from a pure heart, a good conscience and sincere faith.

The Law –

  • some want to teach it
  • is good IF one uses it lawfully
  • Not made for the righteous
  • made for the lawless and rebellious
  • made for ungodly and sinners
  • made for unholy and profane
  • made for those who kill their parents
  • made for murderers, immoral men, homosexuals, kidnappers, liars and perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound teaching according to God’s gospel

A side note from Galatians – the law was a tutor to lead to Christ – to be justified by faith. Before faith came, we were “shut up” to faith. Faith was revealed later. Faith is now here – no longer under the tutor (ie law).

About Jesus Christ – Paul is His apostle, Paul was commanded by Christ to be an apostle.
Jesus is our hope. Jesus is our Lord. Jesus strengthened Paul and put Paul into service. He considered Paul faithful. Jesus’ grace is more than abundant. Faith and love are found in Christ. He came into the world to save sinners. In Paul, Jesus demonstrates His perfect patience – an example for others who believe in Him.
Jesus is the King: eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God.
(from Galatians) faith in Jesus makes us sons of God, baptized into Christ – clothed with Christ. We are all one in Christ. Those who belong to Christ are heirs of Abraham according to promise.

About Timothy – he is Paul’s true child in the faith. He was urged to remain at Ephesus and told to instruct men. The command was entrusted to him. Timothy is called Paul’s son. There are prophecies concerning him. By this he may fight the good fight. He is a good servant of Jesus.

Chapter 2 talks about prayer. Some synonyms used are: entreaties, prayers, petitions, thanksgivings. These are to be made on behalf of all men:

  • kings
  • all in authority
  • for purpose of us leading a quiet life
  • one mediator, Jesus
  • every place to pray
  • lift up holy hands
  • done without wrath or dissension

Jesus Christ – mediator between God and man. He is man and gave Himself as a ransom for all. He is the testimony borne at proper time.
God – there is one God, our Savior, desires all to be saved, desires all to come to knowledge of truth.

The purpose for writing 1 Timothy – how to conduct ourselves in God’s household.